What is Permaculture?

Permaculture is mainly the art of designing human habitation and gardens according to the way nature designs or creates systems. It is a design system that cultivates the harmonious integration between people and the environment as a means of providing our basic needs such as food, shelter, transportation, and infrastructure. The root of permaculture is organic agriculture, a type of land cultivation that is based on natural ecosystems.

The process of designing is governed by applying natural laws embedded in the natural systems. Examples of natural systems are the various ecosystems that a permaculture designer reads for ideas. Ecosystems in the Philippines are made up of coral reef, mangrove, estuarine, river, lake, pond, rainforest, agro-ecosystem, and urban ecosystem.

Permaculture is guided by three key ethics, which value how our relationship with one another affects our relationship with nature. Such ethics call attention to nature’s connection to our social fabric:

1. Care for the earth as the system taking care of us.

2. Care for people as we need to rely on the community to survive.

3. Careful balance between natural resources and their consumption by people, because everyone deserves an equal share of the earth’s bounties.

Finally, the natural laws displayed in the ecosystems may also be applied to various aspects of our lives. David Holmgrem cites these areas in the permaculture flower.

To understand how our permaculture website is distinct from others, go to our General Articles page.

Website header by Mity dela Pena

Featured image by Bert Peeters